Carpets and Dhurries Making Skills
Carpet and dhurrie weaving is our traditional art and I have grown up watching my family members weave. My ancestors used to weave carpets and dhurries for exporters. They used to prepare the designs as per the orders of the exporters. I have also woven carpets and dhurries for them. But after gaining knowledge about the huge export market for our carpets and dhurries I decided to work independently and create my own designs. Gradually many weavers from my place joined me and today I have a team of 30-40 weavers working with me.
Carpets and Dhurries Making Process
Firstly the yarn is procured from the local mandi (market) according to the design to be woven. Then the yarn is dyed according to the required colors. These threads are then dried and the local women unwind the yarn and prepare it for use by the weavers. Various yarns, such as cotton thread for the “tana” and wool for the “bana”, are then set on the loom (khaddi) for weaving. 20% cotton and 80% wool are used for the dhurries.
Cotton fabric is used as a base for hand-tufted carpet, which is further coated with a mixture of natural latex, fevicol, adhesive powder, and water. The design is then printed with the help of a map. The wool is then tufted as per the design.
Jute carpets are also made on looms (khaddi). The process is very similar to weaving dhurries. The difference lies in the use of yarn i.e. jute procured from Kolkata is used in the “bana” instead of wool. Then blocks are used for hand painting. Both chemical and natural dyes are used for coloring.
The tradition of weaving carpets is several hundred years old. It has been brought to India by the Mughals. The carpets and dhurries made in Bhadohi are world-famous. They can be used not only as floor coverings in living rooms, bedrooms, etc. but also as wall decorations. Also, the carpet weaving industry is providing employment to many weavers of our city.
My specialization is in manufacturing dhurries and hand-tufted carpets.
Although my family has many years of experience in this field, I have 7 years of experience in independently manufacturing and selling dhurries and hand-tufted carpets.
In the future, I would like my products to be exported all over the world.